It is generally difficult to engage in anti-competitive practices unless the parties concerned have significant market power or public support. This debate on the moralization of certain business practices, described as anti-competitive, continued both in economic history studies and in popular culture, as in the 2012 performances in Europe of Bruce Springsteen, who sang about bankers as “greedy thieves” and “predatory knights”.  During the 2011 Occupy Wall Street protests, the term was used by populist Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders in his attacks on Wall Street. He says, “We believe in this country; We love this country; and we will be damned when we see a handful of predators controlling the future of this country.  The business practices and political power of Silicon Valley billionaires have also led to their identification as brigands.   Anti-competitive behaviour is used by companies and governments to reduce competition in markets, allowing monopolies and dominant companies to generate normal profits and discourage market competitors. It is therefore highly regulated and punishable in cases where it seriously affects the market. Anti-competitive practices are commercial or state practices that unlawfully prevent or reduce competition in a market.  The debate on the moralization of certain commercial practices, described as anti-competitive, continued both in economic history studies and in popular culture. Anti-dominance laws differ between state and federal laws to ensure that companies do not resort to competition practices that are harmful to other, usually smaller, businesses or consumers. These laws are created to promote healthy competition within a free market, limiting the abuse of monopoly power.
Competition allows companies to compete in order to improve products and services; promoting innovation; and provide consumers with more choice. Some business practices may promote competition, economic methodological tests and empirical cases are used to verify whether the business activity is considered anti-competitive behaviour.  However, it is not only a question of demonstrating the existence of a cartel pure and hard, but also on how an economic detective can be described. A more complex substantive issue underlying efforts to describe the nature and quantity of evidence necessary for successful prosecutions, namely what precisely we want to include in the category of an illegal “agreement”, “conspiracy” or “concerted practice”. Even where an agreement falls within the definition of `anti-competitive` in Chapter 1 or Article 1, it may be exempted if the advantages of the agreement outweigh the competitive disadvantages or if it is necessary to improve products or services, develop new products or find better ways of making consumers available to consumers. Companies that compete in the same market will usually try to gain a competitive advantage, for example by reducing their price. B or by improving the quality of the product. This means that the consumer can buy better quality products at lower prices. Firms that control prices or distribute themselves on markets are protected against competitive pressures to place new products on the market, improve quality and keep prices low. Ultimately, consumers pay more for lower quality. In this blog post, Harsha Asnani, student, NIRMA University, Ahmedabad writes about anti-competitive agreements in light of the Competition Act, 2002. The author also writes about the nature of such agreements and remedies for the same.
Many governments view these market niches as natural monopolies and believe that the inability to allow full competition is compensated by state regulation. . . .