Dugong Agreement

Naval strikes have proven to be a problem for members of the Maritime Council, but the relevance of these strikes to dugongs is unknown. [11] Increased marine traffic has increased the risk,[16] particularly in shallow waters. Ecotourism has increased in some countries, although the impact is not yet documented. We have seen that problems in areas like Hainan cause environmental degradation. [11] Modern agricultural practices and increased land-grabbing have also paid off, and much of the coast of dugong habitats is being industrialized and the human population is increasing. [16] Dugongs accumulate heavy metal ions in their tissues throughout their lives, more than other marine mammals. The effects are unknown. While international cooperation has been undertaken to create a conservative unity,[93] socio-political needs are an obstacle to the preservation of dugong in many developing countries. Shallow waters are often used as a source of food and income, problems exacerbated by aid to improve fishing. In many countries, dugong protection legislation does not exist and, if it does, it is not enforced.

[11] In protected or unprotected areas, ensure that dugongs are not injured or oppressive. Dugong meat and oil are traditionally some of the most valuable foods of The Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders. Some Aboriginal people consider dugongs to be part of their aborigines. [16] Dugongs have also played a role in legends in Kenya, where the animal is known as the “Queen of the Sea”. Body parts are used as food, medicine and decorations. In the Gulf countries, not only were dugongs used as food sources, but their weapons were used as sword handles. Dugong oil is important as a preservative and conditioner for wooden boats for people around the Gulf of Kutch in India, who also believe that meat is an aphrodisiac. Dugong ribs were used to make sculptures in Japan. In southern China, dugongs were traditionally considered a “miracle fish,” and it was unlucky to catch them. A wave of immigration that began in the late 1950s led to the hunt for food for dugongs. In the Philippines, dugongs are thought to be unlucky, and some of them are used to defend themselves against evil spirits.

In parts of Thailand, dugong tears are thought to be a powerful potion of love, while in some parts of Indonesia they are considered reincarnations of women. In Papua New Guinea, they are considered a symbol of strength. [11] The Australian government is developing guidelines on measures that could affect sea turtles, dugong and seagrass. In the Queensland government`s 2006 Conservation Regulations, dugong is considered “endangered.” Dugongs are found in warm coastal waters, from the Western Pacific Ocean to the eastern coast of Africa,[20] along a length of 140,000 kilometres[2] between 26 and 27 degrees north and south of the equator. [11] Their historical range is probably identical to that of the grasslands of the Potamogetonaceae and Hydrocharitaceae families. The full size of the anterior range is unknown, although current populations are thought to represent the historical boundaries of the area[11] which is severely broken. [18] Today, dugong populations are found in the waters of 37 countries and territories. [16] The recorded number of dugongs is generally considered to be lower than actual figures in the absence of accurate surveys.

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