There are several reasons why Turkey does not accept the explanation of Crete`s exclusive economic zone. First, Turkey is very close to Crete. The law of the sea suggests that each island is treated differently with regard to the delimitation of maritime borders, especially since the conflict of the Greek islands. Proximity to the coast of another state is an important variable in the delimitation of continental surfaces. The Greek authorities argue that the borders drawn in a new agreement between Turkey and Libya overlap with the continental shelf of the southern Mediterranean islands, particularly Crete. The Turkish authorities respond to these allegations by arguing that all islands are treated differently with regard to maritime borders. Given the possible contribution to the discovery of energy resources in these maritime areas to the economies and geopolitical positions of these nations, the option of “gunboat diplomacy” seems to remain at the forefront, rather than respecting international law in the Eastern Mediterranean. Efforts by the United States and the EU to compensate for Russia`s access to the Mediterranean and the improvement of China`s relations with Mediterranean countries through the Modern Silk Road Project continue to put pressure on the Cypriot island. The Mediterranean is at the centre of an “undeclared war” as the United States and the EU conduct further exercises with the Gulf States and the Israel-Greece-South Trio to balance Russia, China and Iran. In other words, the rivalry for supremacy in the region turns into a cold war as a conflict between countries.
Turkey has angered Greece and Egypt after signing a new maritime agreement with the UN-recognized Libyan government of the National Agreement (GNA), which has made Turkey and Libya “neighbours” in neighbouring coastal areas. While Israel`s construction of the Leviathan project has been largely fluid, albeit long- but long, I have also suggested that Turkey`s regional ambitions could and would complicate the situation, particularly with regard to maritime sovereignty. Turkey is now bending to its geopolitical muscles in the region and signs a highly controversial agreement on the delimitation of maritime borders with Libya. The agreement attempts to rewrite the exclusive economic zones of the Mediterranean and give Turkey a significant say in transnational gas exploration and pipeline construction. The legitimacy and legal consequences of the agreement have been challenged by a number of states in the region as well as by the European Union. According to the European Union, the agreement “violates the sovereign rights of third countries, is not in accordance with the law of the sea and cannot have legal consequences for third countries.”  Cyprus and Egypt both considered the agreement “illegal”, while Greece considers it “unconfessed” and “geographically absurd” because it ignores the presence of the islands of Crete, Kasos, Karpathos, Kastellorizo and Rhodes between the Turkish and Libyan coasts.  But Greece`s controversial decision to sign a maritime delimitation agreement with Egypt, which Turkey says violates its continental shelf and maritime rights, has raised new tensions between its two neighbours, with Ankara accusing Athens of pursuing a maximalist policy in the eastern Mediterranean. The issue of border delimitation in the eastern Mediterranean has unique factors that must be taken into account when borders are defined.