Senator Reed Smoot, R-UT, was caught in custody when a unanimous approval agreement, which he refused, was reached. It was a 1913 bill (p. 4043) prohibiting interstate trade in intoxicating spirits. A unanimous agreement was duly reached and announced by the President. Senator Smoot, who was in the Chamber, had planned to oppose it, but he was briefly distracted and did not disagree in time. For the next two days, the Senate debated the legality of the unanimous approval agreement and whether it could be changed by a unanimous new approval. In the end, the Speaker submitted the question of legitimacy to the Senate, which, by 40 votes to 17 (with 37 non-voting members), asked the Speaker to return to the Senate. When that was done, Senator Smoot opposed the agreement. Another unanimous agreement with the Liquor Act was quickly introduced by Senator Jacob Gallinger, R-NH, and accepted by the Senate.18 Unanimous informal approval agreements became a standard procedure in 1914 that can only be modified by new agreements that dispel immediate concerns. The practice of invoking Senate debate was established in 1917, when the body put in place more formal mechanisms for the management of land procedures. If there is only one candidate in an election and the rules do not require a vote in this situation, the individual candidate is elected by unanimous acclamation or approval.
 In this particular case of unanimous approval, the only way to oppose the election of a candidate is to nominate and choose someone else.  In announcing the implementation of these agreements, the presiding officers took different positions. A presiding official said: “It was the president`s universal decision that the president cannot get a unanimous approval agreement, but that he must be in the honour of the senators themselves. 13 On another occasion, the Speaker of the Senate asked, “Is it the joy of the Senate to enforce or not the unanimous agreements?” Senator John Sherman, R-OH, responded that the President should “enforce the agreement on this bill.” The Speaker then asked, “In similar cases, what is the joy of the Senate?” Senator Eugene Hale, R-ME, replied, “We will cross this bridge when we get there.” 14 Cons: “Vice-Presidents Charles Fairbanks and James Sherman were not shy when it came to sometimes imposing unanimous approval agreements.” 15 Today, in an era of individualism and heightened bias, unanimous approval agreements are generally fragmentary, such as setting debate limits for a number of discrete amendments, without limiting the number of amendments or setting a date or date for the final adoption of the legislation.